We invite you to explore the Demand Response concept of the Dr BoB project (project video).
This visualization clarifies the main elements and flows of the Demand Response concept of the Dr BoB project,
distinguishing four levels (which are interwoven in practice):
the Stakeholder Level, the Virtual Level (technologies and ICT),
the Ground Level (physical elements and market) the Enablers Level (policy and regulation)

Click here to expand the picture about and know more about the four layers.

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  • DSO (Distribution System Operator)

    The Distribution System Operator (DSO) is responsible for the final stage of the electric power delivery to the consumer premises, i.e. the medium- and low-voltage grid, carrying electricity from the TSOs to the consumers.

  • TSO (Transmission System Operator)

    The Transmission System Operator (TSO) is responsible for the energy grid infrastructures, mainly the high-voltage grid. TSOs need to coordinate the supply and demand for energy, avoiding fluctuations in frequency and supply interruption.

  • Aggregator

    Aggregators are accountable for purchasing flexibility from prosumers, aggregating it into a portfolio, designing services that rely on the accumulated flexibility, and selling these flexibility services to different markets.

  • Owner

    The owners of the block of buildings make the decision whether or not to invest in demand response measures based upon costs, benefits, etc.

  • Occupants

    Main users of the building which are can be very different for different buildings and also within one single building.

  • Maintenance

    Ensuring reliable, efficient and effective running of buildings and their (energy) systems.

  • Building Manager

    Building managers are responsible for the daily management of buildings, e.g. to maintain agreed services and a healthy and comfortable indoor climate.

  • Weather System

    Forecasting weather conditions.

  • Virtual Energy Plant (VEP)

    The Virtual Energy Plant (VEP) provides macro-level optimised energy management to ensure efficient use of aggregated assets. It manages DR requests and contracts for various scenarios.

  • Consumer Portal

    User interfaces for energy management and community engagement.

  • Local Energy Manager (LEM)

    The Local Energy Manager (LEM) provides micro level optimised energy management by integrating local generation and storage assets.

  • Building Management System (BMS)

    The Building Management System (BMS) is an IT system installed in buildings to control and monitor the building’s mechanical and electrical equipment such as ventilation, lighting and power systems.

  • Power Plant

    Generator and supplier of electricity and other sources of energy.

  • Economic Incentives

    Economic incentives for DR that are in place in a market, largely depending on policies and regulations.

  • Targeted Blocks of Buildings (BoB)

    Block of buildings that together offer flexibility in energy consumption, storage and generation.

  • Policies and Regulations

    Whether or not there is a market with economic incentives for DR (for blocks of buildings) largely depends on the policies and regulations that are in place.

  • Grid

    Interconnected network for delivering energy from suppliers to consumers.

  • Grid

    Interconnected network for delivering energy from suppliers to consumers.

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use "Ctrl" + "+"/"-" to zoom in/out the webpage
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